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Tuesday, July 29, 2014

#Aspartame Adverse Reaction Report (Typical of Thousands Received by ACSN org.)

The following is a fairly typical, serious report to our Aspartame Awareness Home Office in Dallas. Tens of Thousands have contacted us over the years to tell their stories - often with supporting documentation in the form of Medical Records. Often, a relative contacts us to talk about losing a loved one to this terrible substance. It breaks my heart to hear and read these things, but I continue to educate and provide hope and comfort to those who have suffered so needlessly. These victims deserve better than this! - Mary Nash Stoddard

Date: March 11, 2004 12:08:29 PM CST
Subject: Nutrasweet Questionnaire

Nutrasweet Questionnaire

Dear Ms Stoddard - I found the website aspartamesafety.com today, and thought I'd share my story, as old as it is.
I'm not a pilot - but when I had my first attack, I was driving on the New York State Thruway.  Fortnately I wasn't alone.  The trip from upstate New York to Newton MA took close to 10 hours, and included two stops at hospitals along the way.  The ER doctors assumed it was from July 4th weekend drinking with friends; but the attacks continued.
I've always felt that the stuff was dangerous.  People look at me like I'm cuckoo when I tell my story - all I can say was that my problem stopped after I stopped ingesting the stuff.
And I refuse to give it to my kids.
Good luck in your endeavors.
=======================
Name: T. D.
Age: 42
Sex: Male
Westborough MA
Medical problem caused by Aspartame:
Extreme vertigo/nausea/dizziness
Why I believe they were caused by aspartame:
Because they stopped when I stopped drinking diet beverages.
Did the symptoms go away?
Yes, after about a month or two.  For a period of some months in 1992, I had regular attacks, occurring about every 14 days, of vertigo where I couldn't stand up, I couldn't walk - all I could do was hold onto the floor, vomit, and hold on for dear life for the 10-15 hours the attacks would last. 
When I stopped drinking diet drinks, the attacks continued for a month or two, with decreasing severity and intensity, and the time between the attacks got longer, until they stopped altogether.  I haven't had an experience like this since late 1992.
Did I see a doctor? 
Yes.  I saw an ENT who performed extensive tests, including an MRI, to rule out brain tumor or a tumor in the ear exerting pressure on the vestibular system.  He also ruled out drug use, wax buildup in the ear, and other ear-related problems.
Did the doctor think it was linked to Aspartame? No.
Did I report the symptoms?  No.  This is the first time I'm reporting it anywhere.
What specific products:
Diet Coca-Cola, Crystal Light (powdered drink mix)
How much/how often:
At least 6 - 12oz cans of Diet Coke a day; several 8-12 oz glasses of Crystal Light.  It wasn't bad for me, and calorie free, so what was the harm of drinking so much? 
How long before I experienced symptoms? 
I don't recall - it was 10 plus years ago, now - but probably some months.  My first attack occurred over the July 4 weekend and continued into the fall.  I probably started drinking the stuff as a means to lose weight - I had gained a lot over the holidays.


--_____________________________________________________________________________


Thursday, July 24, 2014

ATTENTION:
#FAA, #PILOTS, #AVIATION_INDUSTRY, #USAF, #CAA, #AIR_TRAFFIC_CONTROLLERS, #FLIGHT_ATTENDANTS, #US_DEFENSE_DEPARTMENT, #AIRLINE_PERSONNEL, #FAA_MEDICAL_EXAMINERS, #FLIGHT_SCHOOLS, #MILITARY

Chapter On Flying and Aspartame (Table of Contents)
(Deadly Deception Story of Aspartame. Odenwald Press 1998)

Following is a partial List of Volumes of published references from the Aspartame Consumer Safety Network Pilot Hotline Library:

Flying and Aspartame:


* Aspartame and Flying - Extraordinary Science, March, 1995
* U.S. Air Force Flying Safety - Aspartame Alert
* National Business Aircraft Assn. Digest - Bitter Aftertaste
* FAA Medical Examiner's Case Histories (James B. Hays, M.D.)
* Report links aspartame to pilot and driver error
* Aviation Medical Bulletin - Pilots and Aspartame
* Can Aspartame Cause Hypoxia at Altitudes? (G. Leighton)
* Safeguard - The Aviation Consumer
* Fit to Fly - Aspartame and Diet Drinks (CGAN art.)
* Pacific Flyer - This Could Save Your Life
* Letters to Editors (Flying Magazines)
* Gen. Aviation News - NutraSweet ... too good to be true?
* Australia's Aviation Safety Digest - Not for the Dieting Pilot
* Plane and Pilot - High on High (Getting High on Aspartame)
* London's The Food mag. - Aspartame safety review - Pilot safety fears over Aspartame
* Some Still Bitter Over NutraSweet
* "NutraSweet Tests Faked" - London's The Guardian newspaper
* International Council of Air Shows '95


Tags: #Aspartame #Pilots, #Airlines, #Flying, #Seizures, #FAA, #NTSB, #USAF, #NAVY, #Military, #Alcohol, #Diet #Sugarfree, #Gum, #Methanol, #Airplane, #Medical, #FDA, #Media, #Aviation #Aspartame_Consumer_Safety_Network, #Pilot_Hotline, #Mary_Nash_Stoddard, #Deadly_Deception, #Senate_Hearing, #Safety_of_Flight, #Cockpit, #Vertigo,

Lobbying Hard For FDA Recall of Aspartame - Based on Latest Scientific Studies Showing Proof of: Obesity, Seizures, Blindness, Plus: Kidney, Uterine, Brain, Pancreas, Liver, and Lung Cancers 

Dallas -- The safety of the artificial sweetener aspartame is questioned again following the release of a report connecting diet drinks to heart attacks, strokes and diabetes. 

Aspartame Consumer Safety Network founder, Mary Nash Stoddard said, "The new Framingham study follows on the heels of an eight year study on experimental rats." Author of Italy's Ramazzini Cancer Research Institute's study, Dr. Morando Soffritti found Aspartame (aka: NutraSweet; Equal; Canderel; Advantame; AminoSweet; Neotame) causes lymphoma, leukemia and breast cancer.

Authors of a major study published July 23rd 2007, in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, found that one or more sodas per day increases risk of new-onset metabolic syndrome (a cluster of factors that boosts the chance of having a heart attack or stroke and developing diabetes) by about 45 per cent. "It did not seem to matter if the soda was regular or diet," Dr. Ramachandran Vasan, senior investigator for the Framingham Heart Study, said Monday from Boston. 

"In the 1970s, Food and Drug Administration toxicologist, Dr. Jerome Bressler discovered unreported heart and other life threatening problems in the laboratory animals, showing how the original drug company tests could have been manipulated to gain approval for the sweetener," said Stoddard.

American Heart Association scientists said in the study, 6,039 middle-aged participants without "metabolic syndrome," an umbrella term for excess waist circumference (obesity), hypertension and glucose intolerance (pre-diabetes) who daily drank one soft drink of any kind, in a 4-year follow-up, had a 50% higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome than those who didn't drink 1 soda (12-ounces) a day. 

The link to diet soda found in the study was "striking" says Dr. Vasan, because it shows artificially sweetened diet sodas could be harmful. "That association was evident even when the researchers accounted for other factors, such as levels of saturated fat, calorie intake, smoking and physical activity."

While authors of the study are still somewhat mystified about why there seemed to be no difference between the adverse effects of drinking regular or diet sodas sweetened with the artificial sweetener, Aspartame, Stoddard proposes: "part of the answer lies in the Cephalic [Pavlovian] response that may be elicited by both high fructose corn sweeteners and artificial sweeteners." 

In the study, it is stated, "The high sweetness of diet or regular soft drinks may lead to conditioning for a greater preference for intake of sweetened items." This speculation is based on a study by T.L. Davidson, S.E. Swithers titled A Pavlovian approach to the problem of obesity, in the Internal Journal of Obesity Related Metabolic Disorders, published in 2004.

By way of further explanation, author Dennis Remington, M.D. said in the book, The Bitter Truth About Artificial Sweeteners, "Another problem arises from using highly sweetened products of any type, whether used by themselves with few calories, as in a diet drink, or whether used to sweeten real food. Frequent ingestion of highly sweetened products forces the senses to become used to the extremely sweet taste. The sweetness causes a number of changes to occur, including release of insulin and release of endorphins and contributes to the sense of satiety caused by eating." A scientific study done by Dr. T.L. Powley titled The ventromedial hypothalamic syndrome, satiety, and a cephalic phase hypothesis, published in Psychology Review in 1977 explains this response in more detail. Dr. Remington also cites the study by J.E. Blundell and A.J. Hill in Lancet, May 10, 1986 titled: Paradoxical effects of an intense sweetener [Aspartame] on appetite to show how subjects in a study gained weight while using Aspartame.

"Foods that are not as sweet may no longer cause adequate insulin and endorphin release and may no longer be satisfying to the consumer. Also, foods that are not as sweet may no longer taste good. Using highly sweetened foods on a frequent basis will thus rob one of the pleasure normally derived from eating good wholesome food." Obesity expert, Dr. Remington also points out that there seems to be a clear cut relationship between weight gain and the use of artificial sweeteners, which should be further investigated.  
__________________________________________________________________

The report is titled: Soft Drink Consumption and Risk of Developing Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and the Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-Aged Adults in the Community - Ravi Dhingra, Lisa Sullivan, Paul F. Jacques, Thomas J. Wang, Caroline S. Fox, James B. Meigs, Ralph B. DAgostino, J. Michael Gaziano and Ramachandran S. Vasan

Circulation published online July 23, 2007; published by the American Heart Association.
http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.689935v1 
__________________________________________________________________
** Message **
Diet Food Research

** Diet food 'may fuel obesity risk' **
Diet foods and drinks for children may inadvertently lead to overeating
and obesity, say researchers.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/em/fr/-/2/hi/health/6933686.stm > 

Mary Nash Stoddard, Founder
Aspartame Consumer Safety Network and Pilot Hotline
[Promoting FDA Recall of Aspartame - since 1987]
http://www.aspartamesafety.com

Tuesday, July 22, 2014



Attention: #Aspartame #Alcohol #Addicts
Is This What You Want To Be Feeding Your Kids?

Every Molecule of ASPARTAME Sweeteners Contains 10% METHANOL:
Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet
Common Name: METHYL ALCOHOL
Synonyms: Carbinol; Wood Alcohol Chemical Name: Methanol Date: April 2002 Revision: September 2011
Methyl Alcohol is a colorless liquid with a slightly sweet, strong odor. It is used as a solvent and alternative motor fuel, and in making other chemicals, windshield washer fluid and de-icing solutions.
ODOR THRESHOLD = 100 to 1,500 ppm Odor thresholds vary greatly. Do not rely on odor alone to
determine potentially hazardous exposures.
Methyl Alcohol is on the Right to Know Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by OSHA, ACGIH, DOT, NIOSH, IRIS, NFPA and EPA.
This chemical is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List.
CAS Number: RTK Substance Number: DOT Number:
67-56-1 1222 UN 1230
Description and Use
Hazard Summary
Hazard Rating
NJDHSS
NFPA
HEALTH
-
1
FLAMMABILITY
-
3
REACTIVITY
-
0
TERATOGEN FLAMMABLE POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE CONTAINERS MAY EXPLODE IN FIRE
Reasons for Citation
SEE GLOSSARY ON PAGE 5.
FIRST AID
EMERGENCY RESPONDERS >>>> SEE LAST PAGE
Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal; 1=slight; 2=moderate; 3=serious; 4=severe
Methyl Alcohol can affect you when inhaled and by passing through the skin.
Methyl Alcohol may be a TERATOGEN. HANDLE WITH EXTREME CAUTION.
Contact can cause skin irritation. Prolonged or repeated contact can cause a skin rash, dryness and redness.
Methyl Alcohol can irritate the eyes and can cause blurred vision and blindness.
Inhaling Methyl Alcohol can irritate the nose, throat and lungs causing coughing, wheezing and/or shortness of breath.
Methyl Alcohol can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Exposure to high concentrations can cause headache, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, loss of consciousness and death.
Methyl Alcohol may damage the liver, kidneys and nervous system.
Methyl Alcohol is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID and a DANGEROUS FIRE HAZARD.
Eye Contact
Immediately flush with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting upper and lower lids. Remove contact lenses, if worn, while flushing. Seek medical attention.
Skin Contact
Quickly remove contaminated clothing. Immediately wash contaminated skin with large amounts of water. Seek medical attention.
Inhalation
Remove the person from exposure. Begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions) if
breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility.
EMERGENCY NUMBERS
Poison Control: 1-800-222-1222 CHEMTREC: 1-800-424-9300 NJDEP Hotline: 1-877-927-6337 National Response Center: 1-800-424-8802
OSHA:
The legal airborne permissible exposure limit (PEL) is 200 ppm averaged over an 8-hour workshift.
Workplace Exposure Limits
NIOSH: The recommended airborne exposure limit (REL) is 200 ppm averaged over a 10-hour workshift and 250 ppm, not to be exceeded during any 15-minute work period.
ACGIH: The threshold limit value (TLV) is 200 ppm averaged over an 8-hour workshift and 250 ppm as a STEL (short-term exposure limit).
Methyl Alcohol may be a TERATOGEN in humans. All contact with this chemical should be reduced to the lowest possible level.
The above exposure limits are for air levels only. When skin contact also occurs, you may be overexposed, even though air levels are less than the limits listed above.
METHYL ALCOHOL
Page 2 of 6
Determining Your Exposure
Read the product manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and the label to determine product ingredients and important safety and health information about the product mixture.
For each individual hazardous ingredient, read the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet, available on the RTK Program website (www.nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb) or in your facility's RTK Central File or Hazard Communication Standard file.
You have a right to this information under the New Jersey Worker and Community Right to Know Act and the Public Employees Occupational Safety and Health (PEOSH) Act if you are a public worker in New Jersey, and under the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) if you are a private worker.
The New Jersey Right to Know Act requires most employers to label chemicals in the workplace and requires public employers to provide their employees with information concerning chemical hazards and controls. The federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) and the PEOSH Hazard Communication Standard (N.J.A.C. 12:100-7) require employers to provide similar information and training to their employees.
This Fact Sheet is a summary of available information regarding the health hazards that may result from exposure. Duration of exposure, concentration of the substance and other factors will affect your susceptibility to any of the potential effects described below.
Acute Health Effects
The following acute (short-term) health effects may occur immediately or shortly after exposure to Methyl Alcohol:
Contact can cause skin irritation. Methyl Alcohol can irritate the eyes and can cause blurred
vision and blindness. Inhaling Methyl Alcohol can irritate the nose, throat and
lungs causing coughing, wheezing and/or shortness of
breath. Methyl Alcohol can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and
abdominal pain. Exposure to high concentrations can cause headache,
dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, loss of consciousness and death.
Chronic Health Effects
The following chronic (long-term) health effects can occur at some time after exposure to Methyl Alcohol and can last for months or years:
Cancer Hazard
There is no evidence that Methyl Alcohol causes cancer in animals. This is based on test results presently available to the NJDHSS from published studies.
Reproductive Hazard
Methyl Alcohol may be a TERATOGEN in humans since it is a teratogen in animals.
Other Effects
Prolonged or repeated contact can cause a skin rash, dryness, redness and cracking of the skin.
Methyl Alcohol may damage the liver, kidneys and nervous system.
Medical Testing
For frequent or potentially high exposure (half the PEL or greater), the following are recommended before beginning work and at regular times after that:
Liver function tests If symptoms develop or overexposure is suspected, the
following are recommended:
Kidney function tests Exam of the nervous system Exam of the eye and vision.
Any evaluation should include a careful history of past and present symptoms with an exam. Medical tests that look for damage already done are not a substitute for controlling exposure.
Request copies of your medical testing. You have a legal right to this information under the OSHA Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records Standard (29 CFR 1910.1020).
Mixed Exposures
More than light alcohol consumption can cause liver damage. Drinking alcohol can increase the liver damage caused by Methyl Alcohol.
Medical
Health Hazard Information
METHYL ALCOHOL
Page 3 of 6
Workplace Controls and Practices
Very toxic chemicals, or those that are reproductive hazards or sensitizers, require expert advice on control measures if a less toxic chemical cannot be substituted. Control measures include: (1) enclosing chemical processes for severely irritating and corrosive chemicals, (2) using local exhaust ventilation for chemicals that may be harmful with a single exposure, and (3) using general ventilation to control exposures to skin and eye irritants. For further information on workplace controls, consult the NIOSH document on Control Banding at www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ctrlbanding/.
The following work practices are also recommended:
Label process containers. Provide employees with hazard information and training. Monitor airborne chemical concentrations. Use engineering controls if concentrations exceed
recommended exposure levels. Provide eye wash fountains and emergency showers. Wash or shower if skin comes in contact with a hazardous
material. Always wash at the end of the workshift. Change into clean clothing if clothing becomes
contaminated. Do not take contaminated clothing home. Get special training to wash contaminated clothing. Do not eat, smoke, or drink in areas where chemicals are
being handled, processed or stored. Wash hands carefully before eating, smoking, drinking,
applying cosmetics or using the toilet.
In addition, the following may be useful or required:
Before entering a confined space where Methyl Alcohol may be present, check to make sure that an explosive concentration does not exist.
The OSHA Personal Protective Equipment Standard (29 CFR 1910.132) requires employers to determine the appropriate personal protective equipment for each hazard and to train employees on how and when to use protective equipment.
The following recommendations are only guidelines and may not apply to every situation.
Gloves and Clothing Avoid skin contact with Methyl Alcohol. Wear personal
protective equipment made from material that can not be permeated or degraded by this substance. Safety equipment suppliers and manufacturers can provide recommendations on the most protective glove and clothing material for your operation.
The recommended glove materials for Methyl Alcohol are Butyl, Viton and Barrier®.
The recommended protective clothing materials for Methyl Alcohol are Tychem® SL, CSM and TK; and Trellchem® HPS and VPS, or the equivalent.
All protective clothing (suits, gloves, footwear, headgear) should be clean, available each day, and put on before work.
Eye Protection
Wear indirect vent goggles when working with liquids that may splash, spray or mist. A face shield is also required if the liquid is severely irritating or corrosive to the skin and eyes.
Do not wear contact lenses when working with this substance.
Respiratory Protection
Improper use of respirators is dangerous. Respirators should only be used if the employer has implemented a written program that takes into account workplace conditions, requirements for worker training, respirator fit testing, and medical exams, as described in the OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard (29 CFR 1910.134).
Where the potential exists for exposure over 200 ppm, use a NIOSH approved supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. For increased protection use in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus or an emergency escape air cylinder.
Exposure to 6,000 ppm is immediately dangerous to life and health. If the possibility of exposure above 6,000 ppm exists, use a NIOSH approved self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure mode equipped with an emergency escape air cylinder.
If employees are expected to fight fires, they must be trained and equipped as stated in the OSHA Fire Brigades Standard (29 CFR 1910.156).
Methyl Alcohol is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID. Use dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant
foam as extinguishing agents. Water may not be effective in fighting fires. POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE. CONTAINERS MAY EXPLODE IN FIRE. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a distance to cause
a fire or explosion far from the source and flash back. Methyl Alcohol may form an ignitable vapor/air mixture in
closed tanks or containers.
Fire Hazards
Personal Protective Equipment
METHYL ALCOHOL
Page 4 of 6
Spills and Emergencies
Occupational Health Information
Resources
If employees are required to clean-up spills, they must be properly trained and equipped. The OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard (29 CFR 1910.120) may apply.
If Methyl Alcohol is spilled or leaked, take the following steps:
Evacuate personnel and secure and control entrance to the area.
Eliminate all ignition sources. Absorb liquids in dry sand, earth, or a similar material and
place into sealed containers for disposal. Ventilate area of spill or leak. Keep Methyl Alcohol out of confined spaces, such as
sewers, because of the possibility of an explosion. It may be necessary to contain and dispose of Methyl
Alcohol as a HAZARDOUS WASTE. Contact your state Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) or your regional office of the federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for specific recommendations.
Prior to working with Methyl Alcohol you should be trained on its proper handling and storage.
Methyl Alcohol reacts violently or explosively with OXIDIZING AGENTS (such as PERCHLORATES, PEROXIDES, PERMANGANATES, CHLORATES, NITRATES, CHLORINE, BROMINE and FLUORINE); ALKYL ALUMINUM SALTS; ACETYL BROMIDE; CHROMIC ANHYDRIDE; MIXTURES of CHLOROFORM and SODIUM HYROXIDE; PHOSPHORUS TRIOXIDE; MIXTURES of SULFURIC ACID and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE; ISOCYANATES; METALS (such as LEAD, MAGNESIUM and POTASSIUM); and NITRIC ACID.
Methyl Alcohol attacks some PLASTICS, RUBBERS and COATINGS.
Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, well-ventilated area away from HEAT SOURCES.
Sources of ignition, such as smoking and open flames, are prohibited where Methyl Alcohol is used, handled, or stored.
Metal containers involving the transfer of Methyl Alcohol should be grounded and bonded.
Use explosion-proof electrical equipment and fittings wherever Methyl Alcohol is used, handled, manufactured, or stored.
Use only non-sparking tools and equipment, especially when opening and closing containers of Methyl Alcohol.
The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Occupational Health Service, offers multiple services in occupational health. These services include providing informational resources, educational materials, public presentations, and industrial hygiene and medical investigations and evaluations.
For more information, please contact:
New Jersey Department of Health & Senior Services Right to Know Program PO Box 368 Trenton, NJ 08625-0368
Phone: 609-984-2202 Fax: 609-984-7407 E-mail: rtk@doh.state.nj.us Web address: http://www.nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb
The Right to Know Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets are not intended to be copied and sold for commercial purposes.
Handling and Storage
METHYL ALCOHOL GLOSSARY
ACGIH is the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. They publish guidelines called Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) for exposure to workplace chemicals.
Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs) are established by the EPA. They describe the risk to humans resulting from once-in-a lifetime, or rare, exposure to airborne chemicals.
Boiling point is the temperature at which a substance can change its physical state from a liquid to a gas.
carcinogen is a substance that causes cancer. The CAS number is unique, identifying number, assigned by
the Chemical Abstracts Service, to a specific chemical.
CFR is the Code of Federal Regulations, which are the regulations of the United States government.
combustible substance is a solid, liquid or gas that will burn. A corrosive substance is a gas, liquid or solid that causes
destruction of human skin or severe corrosion of containers.
The critical temperature is the temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied, regardless of the pressure applied.
DEP is the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
DOT is the Department of Transportation, the federal agency that regulates the transportation of chemicals.
EPA is the Environmental Protection Agency, the federal agency responsible for regulating environmental hazards.
ERG is the Emergency Response Guidebook. It is a guide for emergency responders for transportation emergencies involving hazardous substances.
Emergency Response Planning Guideline (ERPG) values provide estimates of concentration ranges where one reasonably might anticipate observing adverse effects.
fetus is an unborn human or animal. A flammable substance is a solid, liquid, vapor or gas that will
ignite easily and burn rapidly.
The flash point is the temperature at which a liquid or solid gives off vapor that can form a flammable mixture with air.
IARC is the International Agency for Research on Cancer, a scientific group.
Ionization Potential is the amount of energy needed to remove an electron from an atom or molecule. It is measured in electron volts.
IRIS is the Integrated Risk Information System database on human health effects that may result from exposure to various chemicals, maintained by federal EPA.
Page 5 of 6
LEL or Lower Explosive Limit, is the lowest concentration of a combustible substance (gas or vapor) in the air capable of continuing an explosion.
mg/m3 means milligrams of a chemical in a cubic meter of air. It is a measure of concentration (weight/volume).
mutagen is a substance that causes mutations. A mutation is a change in the genetic material in a body cell. Mutations can lead to birth defects, miscarriages, or cancer.
NFPA is the National Fire Protection Association. It classifies substances according to their fire and explosion hazard.
NIOSH is the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. It tests equipment, evaluates and approves respirators, conducts studies of workplace hazards, and proposes standards to OSHA.
NTP is the National Toxicology Program which tests chemicals and reviews evidence for cancer.
OSHA is the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which adopts and enforces health and safety standards.
PEOSHA is the New Jersey Public Employees Occupational Safety and Health Act, which adopts and enforces health and safety standards in public workplaces.
Permeated is the movement of chemicals through protective materials.
ppm means parts of a substance per million parts of air. It is a measure of concentration by volume in air.
Protective Action Criteria (PAC) are values established by the Department of Energy and are based on AEGLs and ERPGs. They are used for emergency planning of chemical release events.
reactive substance is a solid, liquid or gas that releases energy under certain conditions.
STEL is a Short Term Exposure Limit which is usually a 15- minute exposure that should not be exceeded at any time during a work day.
teratogen is a substance that causes birth defects by damaging the fetus.
UEL or Upper Explosive Limit is the highest concentration in air above which there is too much fuel (gas or vapor) to begin a reaction or explosion.
Vapor Density is the ratio of the weight of a given volume of one gas to the weight of another (usually Air), at the same temperature and pressure.
The vapor pressure is a force exerted by the vapor in equilibrium with the solid or liquid phase of the same substance. The higher the vapor pressure the higher concentration of the substance in air.
Right to Know Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet
Common Name: METHYL ALCOHOL
Synonyms: Carbinol; Methanol; Wood Alcohol CAS No: 67-56-1 Molecular Formula: CH3OH RTK Substance No: 1222
Description: Colorless liquid with a slightly sweet, strong odor
HAZARD DATA
Hazard Rating Firefighting Reactivity
1 - Health 3 - Fire 0 - Reactivity
DOT#: UN 1268 ERG Guide #: 131 Hazard Class: 3 (Flammable liquid)
Methyl Alcohol is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID.
Use dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam as extinguishing agents.
Water may not be effective in fighting fires. POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE.
CONTAINERS MAY EXPLODE IN FIRE. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a distance to
cause a fire or explosion far from the source and flash back.
Methyl Alcohol may form an ignitable vapor/air mixture in closed tanks or containers.
Methyl Alcohol reacts violently or explosively with OXIDIZING AGENTS (such as PERCHLORATES, PEROXIDES, PERMANGANATES, CHLORATES, NITRATES, CHLORINE, BROMINE and FLUORINE); ALKYL ALUMINUM SALTS; ACETYL BROMIDE; CHROMIC ANHYDRIDE; MIXTURES of CHLOROFORM and SODIUM HYROXIDE; PHOSPHORUS TRIOXIDE; MIXTURES of SULFURIC ACID and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE; ISOCYANATES; METALS (such as LEAD, MAGNESIUM and POTASSIUM); and NITRIC ACID.
Methyl Alcohol attacks some PLASTICS, RUBBERS and COATINGS.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
100 to 1,500 ppm 52oF (11oC) 6% 36%
867oF (464oC) 1.1 (air = 1) 96 mm Hg at 68oF (20oC) 0.8 (water = 1) Soluble 147oF (64oC) -144oF (-97.8oC) 10.84 eV 32.04
SPILL/LEAKS
Isolation Distance:
Spill: 50 meters (150 feet)
Fire: 800 meters (1/2 mile)
Absorb liquids in dry sand, earth, or a similar material and place into sealed containers for disposal.
Use only non-sparking tools and equipment. Metal containers involving the transfer of Methyl
Alcohol should be grounded and bonded. Keep Methyl Alcohol out of confined spaces, such as
sewers, because of the possibility of an explosion.
Odor Threshold: Flash Point: LEL: UEL:
Auto Ignition Temp: Vapor Density: Vapor Pressure: Specific Gravity: Water Solubility: Boiling Point: Melting Point: Ionization Potential: Molecular Weight:
OSHA: NIOSH: ACGIH: IDLH:
EXPOSURE LIMITS
200 ppm, 8-hr TWA 200 ppm, 10-hr TWA; 250 ppm Ceiling 200 ppm, 8-hr TWA; 250 ppm Ceiling 6,000 ppm
Gloves: Coveralls:
Respirator:
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Butyl, Viton and Barrier® (>8-hr breakthrough)
Tychem® SL, CSM and TK; Trellchem® HPS and VPS (>8-hr breakthrough) Use turn out gear or flash protection if ignition/fire is the greatest hazard.
>200 ppm - SCBA
The Protective Action Criteria values are: PAC-1 = 530 ppm PAC-2 = 2,100 ppm
Eyes: Skin: Inhalation:
PAC-3 = 7,200 ppm
HEALTH EFFECTS
Irritation, blurred vision and blindness. Irritation
Nose, throat and lung irritation with coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath
Headache, dizziness, drowsiness, loss of consciousness and death
FIRST AID AND DECONTAMINATION
Remove the person from exposure. Flush eyes with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact
lenses if worn. Seek medical attention. Quickly remove contaminated clothing and wash contaminated skin with large
amounts of water. Seek medical attention. Begin artificial respiration if breathing has stopped and CPR if necessary. Transfer promptly to a medical facility.
September 2011